Martin Luther King Jr., American clergyman and civil rights leader, was fatally
shot at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4, 1968. He was rushed
to St. Joseph's Hospital, where he was
pronounced dead at 7:05 p.m. CST. He was a prominent leader of the Civil Rights Movement and Nobel Peace Prize laureate who was known for his
use of nonviolence and civil disobedience.
James Earl Ray, a fugitive from
the Missouri State Penitentiary, was arrested on
June 8, 1968, in London at Heathrow Airport, extradited to the United States,
and charged with the crime. On March 10, 1969, he pleaded guilty and was
sentenced to 99 years in the Tennessee State Penitentiary. He later made many
attempts to withdraw his guilty plea and be tried by a jury, but was
unsuccessful; he died in prison on April 23, 1998, at the age of 70.
King family and others believe the assassination was the result of a conspiracy involving the U.S. government, Mafia and
Memphis police, as alleged by Loyd Jowers in 1993, and that Ray was a scapegoat.
In 1999, the family filed a wrongful death lawsuit against Jowers for the sum
of $10 million. During closing arguments, their attorney asked the jury to
award damages of $100, to make the point that "it was not about the
money". During the trial, both sides presented evidence alleging a
government conspiracy. The government agencies accused could not defend
themselves or respond because they were not named as defendants. Based on the
evidence, the jury concluded Jowers and others were "part of a conspiracy
to kill King" and awarded the family $100. The allegations and the finding
of the Memphis jury were later rejected by the United States Department of Justice in 2000 due to
lack of evidence.
17 Inspirational Quotes By Martin Luther King Jr. About
Speaking Up When It Matters
decades ago, Martin Luther King Jr. was struck down
by a cowardly assassin's bullet. Some say his message has been watered
down as he's become almost universally celebrated. So, as we observe
what would have been his 89th birthday, here is part of the core: some of his
most inspiring quotes about refusing to stay silent in the face of
hottest place in Hell is reserved for those who remain neutral in times of
great moral conflict."
man must decide whether he will walk in the light of creative altruism or in
the darkness of destructive selfishness."
in all the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious
a man has not discovered something that he will die for, he isn't fit to
nation or civilization that continues to produce soft-minded men purchases its
own spiritual death on the installment plan."
anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere."
most persistent and urgent question is, 'What are you doing for others?'"
ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort and
convenience, but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy."
first question which the priest and the Levite asked was: 'If I stop to help
this man, what will happen to me?' But... the good Samaritan reversed the
question: 'If I do not stop to help this man, what will happen to him?'"
individual has not started living until he can rise above the narrow confines
of his individualistic concerns to the broader concerns of all humanity."
who passively accepts evil is as much involved in it as he who helps to
perpetrate it. He who accepts evil without protesting against it is really
cooperating with it."
the end, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends."
"Shallow understanding from people of good will is more
frustrating than absolute misunderstanding from people of ill will."
"Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about
things that matter."
"The ultimate tragedy is not the oppression and cruelty by
the bad people but the silence over that by the good people."
"There comes a time when silence is betrayal."
"We may have all come on different ships, but we're in the
same boat now."